A list documents the myriad reasons why people were committed to insane asylums in the 19th century. In Februaryan image of a list purportedly documenting dozens of reasons why people were committed to insane asylums between and began circulating on social media.

Although this list is frequently posted as a joke, it is somewhat rooted in truth. Spouses used lunacy laws to rid themselves of their partners and in abducting their children. Although this list was sourced from a contemporaneous hospital log, its entries should not be considered as denoting things that were all considered symptoms of mental instability. Rather, among patients who were treated at West Virginia Hospital for the Insane for various illnesses such as chronic dementia, acute mania, and melancholia, these entries recorded the reasons or causes why those patients were said to have developed their underlying maladies.

Reasons for Admission to Insane Asylums in the 19th Century

To use an example from a different field, nobody claims that playing violent video games is itself a crime, but some people maintain — rightly or wrongly — that such an activity might be a factor that leads gamers into committing violent crimes :.

The diseases attributed to those admitted to the hospital from its opening in through were varied, with the most common being patients with ubisoft r6 api dementia, with acute mania, with melancholia, and with chronic mania. The story of a Texas woman who reportedly shared a Facebook post claiming the coronavirus outbreak was a hoax — and later reportedly died from the virus — reminds us of the dangerous potential of misinformation.

The coronavirus responsible for COVID has deadly adaptations that make it perfect for infecting humans. But this is a testament to natural selection, not bioengineering. American intelligence agencies have concluded that the Chinese government itself does not know the true death toll from the coronavirus. After Sen. Mitch McConnell suggested the government's response to the initial coronavirus outbreak was in part distracted by the president's impeachment, rebuttal memes started flying.

The U. Help Snopes. Become a Founding Member! Claim A list documents the myriad reasons why people were committed to insane asylums in the 19th century. Rating Mixture About this rating. Do you rely on Snopes reporting? Become a member today. Origin In Februaryan image of a list purportedly documenting dozens of reasons why people were committed to insane asylums between and began circulating on social media.

Help Supercharge Snopes For We have big plans. We need your help. Become a member! Featured Video View all.And for centuries — right up until the present day, in some places — the quality of most mental asylums, at least those in the European tradition, revealed little degree of civilization at all. It wasn't until the very end of the 18th century that just a few doctors in France and England, including Philippe Pinel and William Tuke, first brought forth the then-revolutionary notion of doing away with chains and corporal punishment.

old asylum patient

It wasn't until England's Lunacy Act of that a government first officially designated the mentally ill as actual patients in need of treatment. And it wasn't until the middle of the 19th century that France, England, and the United States first established public, state-run asylums with government oversight and committees in place to investigate abuses — the full extent of which will never be truly known. Of course, abuse, neglect, and mistreatment inside mental asylums hardly ended in the middle of the 19th century — on the contrary.

While facilities for the mentally ill had now become institutionalized, the late 19th and 20th centuries brought many new problems. For one, the growth of psychiatry as a discipline meant more diagnoses and thus patients to fit into facilities that were growing ever more overcrowded.

Likewise, the growth of psychiatry meant more doctors developing more procedures that seemed increasingly radical throughout the early and midth century, which gave us electroshock therapy and the lobotomyamong others. But even in cases not nearly so extreme, even in the garden-variety mental asylums a term itself that has now fallen out of favor of 20th century Europe and America, the institutional conditions were often startling by today's standards: lobotomies performed with repurposed ice picks, patients chained to concrete slabs, children in straight jackets tied to radiators, and worse.

Let the harrowing photos above return you to a comparatively benighted era in psychiatric care — one that wasn't actually all that long ago.

Next, see 37 haunting portraits of life inside Victorian mental asylums. Then, step inside one of the most infamous mental asylums of all time with this look at Bethlem Royal Hospital, more commonly known as " Bedlam. By John Kuroski. These harrowing photos look inside mental asylums of the 19th and 20th centuries and reveal just how disturbing their conditions once were. Like this gallery? Share it: Share Tweet Email. Wellcome Library, London. Child patients sit bound and tied to a radiator inside the psychiatric hospital at Deir el Qamar, Lebanon in A patient sleeps on a thin mattress on the floor of an otherwise bare room in Ohio's Cleveland State Mental Hospital in A hungry boy stands alone and eats with his hands as other boys sit together under a blanket on a bed beside a small wood-burning stove at a hospital for mentally-handicapped children in Kavaja, Albania in March A patient at a mental hospital undergoes electroshock treatment in Workers restrain a patient at a hospital in Moscow, Russia on February 19, A patient suffering from "general paralysis" poses for a photo at the West Riding Lunatic Asylum in Wakefield, England circa On March 29,at Philadelphia's Bella Vista Sanitorium, a fire killed nine patients, five of whom had been chained to concrete slabs like the one pictured.

A nurse tests out electronic equipment designed to monitor various patient data at a psychiatric hospital in Toronto on March 12, Pioneering and prolific lobotomist Dr. Walter Freeman performs a lobotomy with an instrument similar to an ice pick at Western State Hospital in Lakewood, Washington on July 11, A young patient's rotted teeth, due to poor dentistry, are revealed at London's Friern Hospital previously known as the Colney Hatch Lunatic Asylum circa Nurses hold down a patient receiving electroshock treatment at a facility in England on November 23, If you think i've ommited to include specific movies, just drop a comment in the facebook comment section.

old asylum patient

Also if you feel like encouraging me, you can donate any amount to my paypal! R 97 min Horror, Mystery. Tensions rise within an asbestos cleaning crew as they work in an abandoned mental hospital with a horrific past that seems to be coming back.

R 95 min Horror. A renegade doctor is shot dead and entombed with his fiendish experiments in the basement of an abandoned wing of a mental hospital. Twenty years later, a mysterious woman is admitted with Votes: 1, Not Rated 92 min Horror.

For their ghost hunting reality show, a production crew locks themselves inside an abandoned mental hospital that's supposedly haunted - and it might prove to be all too true. Votes: 50, Not Rated 95 min Horror. A film student who is obsessed with the movie Grave Encounters sets out with his friends to visit the psychiatric hospital depicted in the original film. Votes: 21, R 91 min Horror, Thriller.

A young psychiatric intern unearths secrets about the mental health facility in which he works. Votes: 6, R 93 min Horror, Thriller. Six college students discover their dorm was once an insane asylum that conducted gruesome lobotomies on its teenage inmates during the 's.

Director: David R. Votes: 3, PG 88 min Horror. In order to secure a job at a mental institution, a young psychiatrist must interview four patients inside the asylum.

Votes: 5, R 83 min Thriller, Horror. A madman terrorizes a female psychologist when they are accidently locked up in an abandoned asylum. Votes: R 89 min Horror, Thriller. A young psychiatric nurse goes to work at a lonesome asylum following a murder. There, she experiences varying degrees of torment from the patients. Director: S.

Votes: 2,During its operation, the hospital provided services to a variety of patients including Civil War veterans, children, and those declared mentally unwell.

After a period of disuse the property was redeveloped by the state of Ohio. Today, The Ridges are a part of Ohio University and house the Kennedy Museum of Art as well as an auditorium and many offices, classrooms, and storage facilities.

The former hospital is perhaps best known as a site of the infamous lobotomy procedure, as well as various supposed paranormal sightings. After the hospital's original structure closed, the state of Ohio acquired the property and renamed the complex and its surrounding grounds The Ridges. According to [2] The Guide of Repository Holdings, the term "The Ridges" was derived from a naming contest in to re-describe the area and its purpose. The architect for the original building was Levi T.

Scofield of Cleveland. The hospital grounds were designed by Herman Haerlin of Cincinnati. The design of the buildings and grounds were influenced by Dr. Thomas Story Kirkbridea 19th-century physician who authored an influential treatise on hospital design called On the Construction, Organization and General Arrangements of Hospitals for the Insane.

Kirkbride Plan asylums are most recognizably characterized by the staggered "bat-wing" floor plan of their wards, High Victorian Gothic architecture, and their sprawling grounds. In accordance with the Kirkbride Plan, the main building was to include a central administration building with a wing for men on one side and a wing for women on the other, each with their own separate dining halls. There was room to house patients in the main building, almost double Kirkbride's recommendation. The main building itself was feet long and 60 feet in width.

The land where the hospital was built originally belonged to the Arthur Coates and Eliakim H. Moore farms. Ground was broken on November 5, Athens Lunatic Asylum began operation on January 9, Within two years of its opening, the hospital was renamed The Athens Hospital for the Insane.

The original hospital was in operation from to Although not a wholly self-sustaining facility, many Kirkbride Plan asylums functioned as cloistered communities, and for decades the hospital had livestock, farm fields and gardens, an orchard, greenhouses, a dairy, a physical plant to generate steam heat, and even a carriage shop. A large percentage of the work it took to maintain the facility was originally carried out by patients. Labor, especially skilled labor, was seen by the Kirkbride Plan as a form of therapy and was economically advantageous for the state.

Also built onto the main building were a laundry room and a boiler house. Seven cottages, including Cottage B, were constructed to house even more patients. While they had a smaller capacity than the main wards, they allowed for constructive grouping of patients in dormitory-like rooms.The rise of the lunatic asylum or mental asylum and its gradual transformation into, and eventual replacement by, the modern psychiatric hospitalexplains the rise of organised, institutional psychiatry.

While there were earlier institutions that housed the " insane ", the conclusion that institutionalisation was the correct solution to treating people considered to be "mad" was part of a social process in the 19th century that began to seek solutions for outside families and local communities.

In Britain at the beginning of the 19th century, there were, perhaps, a few thousand " lunatics " housed in a variety of disparate institutions; but, by the beginning of the 20th century, that figure had grown to aboutThis growth coincided with the development of alienismnow known as psychiatry, as a medical specialty. In the Islamic world, the Bimaristans were described by European travellers, who wrote about their wonder at the care and kindness shown to lunatics.

InAhmad ibn Tulun built a hospital in Cairo that provided care to the insane, which included music therapy. In Europe during the medieval era, the small subsection of the population of those considered mad were housed in institutional settings were held in a variety of settings. Porter gives examples of such locales where some of the insane were cared for, such as in monasteries.

In Spain, other such institutions for the insane were established after the Christian Reconquista ; facilities included hospitals in ValenciaZaragozaSevilleBarcelona and Toledo At the start of the 15th century, it housed six insane men. The level of specialist institutional provision for the care and control of the insane remained extremely limited at the turn of the 18th century.

Madness was seen principally as a domestic problem, with families and parish authorities in Europe and England central to regimens of care. In the late 17th century, this model began to change, and privately run asylums for the insane began to proliferate and expand in size.

Already in it was recorded that Bethlem Royal HospitalLondon had "below stairs a parlor, a kitchen, two larders, a long entry throughout the house, and 21 rooms wherein the poor distracted people lie, and above the stairs eight rooms more for servants and the poor to lie in".

Its inhabitants could roam around its confines and possibly throughout the general neighborhood in which the hospital was situated. A second public charitable institution was opened inthe Bethel in Norwich.

Details of 840,000 lunatic asylum patients published online for the first time

It was a small facility which generally housed between twenty and thirty inmates. A similar expansion took place in the British American colonies. The Pennsylvania Hospital was founded in Philadelphia in as a result of work begun in by the Religious Society of Friends. A portion of this hospital was set apart for the mentally ill, and the first patients were admitted in Due, perhaps, to the absence of a centralised state response to the social problem of madness until the 19th century, private madhouses proliferated in 18th century Britain on a scale unseen elsewhere.

Fragmentary evidence indicates that some provincial madhouses existed in Britain from at least the 17th century and possibly earlier. During the Enlightenment attitudes towards the mentally ill began to change.

It came to be viewed as a disorder that required compassionate treatment that would aid in the rehabilitation of the victim. When the ruling monarch of the United Kingdom George IIIwho suffered from a mental disorder, experienced a remission inmental illness came to be seen as something which could be treated and cured. The introduction of moral treatment was initiated independently by the French doctor Philippe Pinel and the English Quaker William Tuke.

Before his arrival, inmates were chained in cramped cell-like rooms where there was poor ventilation, led by a man named Jackson 'Brutis' Taylor. Jackson was then killed by the inmates leading to Pinel's leadership. He argued that mental illness was the result of excessive exposure to social and psychological stresses, to heredity and physiological damage.

Pinel's student and successor, Jean Esquirol —went on to help establish 10 new mental hospitals that operated on the same principles. There was an emphasis on the selection and supervision of attendants in order to establish a suitable setting to facilitate psychological work, and particularly on the employment of ex-patients as they were thought most likely to refrain from inhumane treatment while being able to stand up to pleading, menaces, or complaining.

William Tuke led the development of a radical new type of institution in Northern Englandfollowing the death of a fellow Quaker in a local asylum in Rejecting medical theories and techniques, the efforts of the York Retreat centred around minimising restraints and cultivating rationality and moral strength.

old asylum patient

The entire Tuke family became known as founders of moral treatment. There was a daily routine of both work and leisure time. If patients behaved well, they were rewarded; if they behaved poorly, there was some minimal use of restraints or instilling of fear.

The patients were told that treatment depended on their conduct. In this sense, the patient's moral autonomy was recognised. William Tuke's grandson, Samuel Tukepublished an influential work in the early 19th century on the methods of the retreat; Pinel's Treatise on Insanity had by then been published, and Samuel Tuke translated his term as "moral treatment". Tuke's Retreat became a model throughout the world for humane and moral treatment of patients suffering from mental disorders.But we have a different collection this time of rare historical photos, a creepy, haunting kind of different.

Serbian Psychiatric Hospital. Photo taken by George Georgiou who worked in Kosovo and Serbia between and An insane asylum patient restrained by warders, Yorkshire,Henry Clarke. Diathermia used a galvanized current to jolt psychosis sufferers. Doctors eventually deemed it unsafe and unreliable. A chronic schizophrenic patient stands in a catatonic position. He maintained this uncomfortable position for hours. Lobotomies and electric shock therapy were the norm.

The doctors at this asylum started using large doses of insulin and metrozol to drive patients into a violent coma, just to be rid of them. Philadelphia State Hospital at Byberry. Man in restraints, B, violent ward. A mother who has tuberculosis, and is on strict bed rest, leaves her room at the sanatorium for a Sunday walk with her family….

Horror: Horror movies set in asylums/ mental hospitals

Drawn by a paranoid schizophrenic patient. Washington, D. Sunland Asylum…Dr. Freeman, the quack who invented lobotomies. In the late 19th century it was a widely held belief that masturbation caused insanity and devices such as this were designed to prevent the wearer from touching or stimulating himself.

old asylum patient

They were often used in mental institutions. Hydrotherapy first used in the early s, Immersion in a tub of water to make a patient relax when agitated or relieve some ailment, lasted a few hours to overnight. Jul 26 By Mckoy Rolling HistoryStrange. SHARE this with your friends by clicking below! Join Our Fun On Facebook!By Lizzie Edmonds. A pensioner who jumped in a canal, a woman who believed she was 'queen of heaven' and a boy who responded to the name 'broken window' - these are just some of the patients detailed in medical records from a Victorian insane asylum.

A collection of records pictured detailing the medical history of former patients at the Stanley Royd Hospital - part of West Rising Pauper Asylym - has been added to the National Register of Documentary Heritage. The records feature photographs of those admitted to the institution between and pictured. Another is schoolboy Alfred Todd right of Wakefield - who was diagnosed of 'imbecility with epilepsy' and thought his name was 'broken window'.

The former asylum pictured is now a residential development in Wakefield. It was one of the first asylums to be opened in the UK in and has been hailed as a pioneering institution in the field of mental health. An early drawing of the Asylum shows the grounds and main hospital buildings.

An archivist said today the collection 'provides a reflection of how mental illness and treatments have developed over time'. The collection, which is hailed as one of the most important in the country, has been recognised as being of unique significance and an irreplaceable source for the medical and social heritage. Archivist David Morris looks through one of the record books. He said today: 'The data on these records goes back nearly years and provides a reflection of how mental illness and treatments have developed over time'.

Another patient's case notes, including a photograph. The collection includes over photographs of patients from the late s onwards - putting a face to thousands of the patient numbers.

The collection includes over photographs of patients from the late s onwards, putting a face to thousands of the patient numbers. One of which was Mary Manning, a Bradford domestic servant, who was admitted in She claimed to be the 'Queen of heaven, possessed of great wealth and had been crowned'.

One of the patients was Ann Humphreys, pictured, from Dewsbury, who was a carpet weaver. She was admitted on 9 Mayaged 53, having thrown herself into the canal at Walton. She nearly died but was resuscitated. During her imprisonment at the Court House she tried to strangle herself twice. Both her mother and sister had been classed as insane and were in Durham County Asylum. Ann has suffered from epileptic fits for 26 years.

She worked in the Potato Kitchen, and was still in the Asylum in when she died. Another was Mary Manning, a Bradford domestic servant, admitted in Sarah Drabble of Wortley aged 37 with 18 children was admitted in for 'feeling in a low despondent state ever since her confinement'. Mary Ellen Yates, a Leeds housewife, was admitted in due to insufficient food and mistreatment by her husband.

Children were also taken in to the asylum - including Alfred Todd of Wakefield, West Yorkshire, who was diagnosed of 'imbecility with epilepsy'.

These Old Mental Asylum Photos Will Make You Glad You’re Living In The 21st Century.

The remarks made on his treatment include an answer to questions regarding name and age, which he replied 'broken window' and on asking him names of surrounding objects he replies 'Alfey'. Others case files show patients were suffering from general health problems such as symptoms which would be recognised today as post-natal depression. Sarah Drabble of Wortley was admitted inaged 37 with 18 children. She was not surprisingly 'feeling in a low despondent state ever since her confinement'.

Other women were suffering from social problems, including Mary Ellen Yates, a Leeds housewife, who was admitted in due to insufficient food and mistreatment by her husband.


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